Conjunctivitis Eye Infection Precautions, Symptoms, Treatment, Causes
Conjunctivitis Eye Infection Precautions, Symptoms, Treatment, Causes – The translucent membrane that lines the eyelid and eyeball develops a pink eye when it becomes inflamed. We refer to this membrane as the conjunctiva. Small blood vessels in the conjunctiva are more obvious when they are inflamed and swollen. The reddish or pink colour of the eye whites is due to this. Additionally known as conjunctivitis, pink eye.
Viral infections are the most frequent cause of pink eye. Additionally, bacterial infections, allergic reactions, and — in infants — partially opening tear ducts can also be responsible for it. Pink eye might be a pain, but it rarely impairs your eyesight. Pink eye irritation can be reduced with the use of treatments. Receiving an early diagnosis and implementing specific precautions can help minimise the spread of pink eye because it can be contagious.
What are the symptoms of Conjunctivitis Eye Infection?
The most typical signs of pink eye include:
- Either one or both eyes are red.
- Either one or both eyes are itchy.
- An unpleasant sensation in one or both eyes.
- A discharge in one or both eyes that develops a crust during the course of the night and may make it difficult for your eye(s) to open in the morning.
- The fear of light, also known as photophobia.
What are the causes of Conjunctivitis Eye Infection?
Pink eye can be brought on by:
- an eye splash with chemicals.
- anything alien in the eye.
- a clogged tear duct in infants.
Viral and Bacterial
Pink eye is typically brought on by an adenovirus, although it can also be brought on by herpes simplex and varicella-zoster viruses.
Both bacterial and viral conjunctivitis can coexist with colds or other respiratory infection symptoms, like a sore throat. The use of improperly cleaned or borrowed contact lenses might result in bacterial conjunctivitis.
Both are highly contagious. Direct or indirect contact with the discharge from an infected person’s eye can spread the disease. Both eyes or just one could be impacted.
Both eyes are affected by allergic conjunctivitis, which develops in reaction to an allergen like pollen. Your body makes an antibody known as immunoglobulin E (IgE) in reaction to allergens. Special cells in the mucous lining of your eyes and airways are triggered by IgE to release inflammatory compounds, such as histamines. The histamine your body releases can cause a variety of allergy symptoms, including red or pink eyes.
If you have allergic conjunctivitis, you might also sneeze a lot and have watery nasal discharge in addition to severe eye itching, tears, and inflammation. Allergy eye drops can effectively treat the majority of allergic conjunctivitis cases. Conjunctivitis caused by allergies cannot spread.
Conjunctivitis is also linked to irritation from a chemical splash or a foreign item in the eye. Redness and irritation can occasionally result from flushing and washing the eye to remove the chemical or item. The symptoms, which could include watery eyes and a mucus discharge, typically go away by themselves in a day or so.
Consult your doctor or an eye specialist as soon as you can if flushing doesn’t relieve the symptoms or if the chemical is a caustic one like lye. A chemical splash in the eye might harm the eyes permanently. It’s possible that you still have the foreign body in your eye if you experience persistent symptoms. Or you can have a scratch on the conjunctiva, the membrane that covers the eyeball, or the cornea.
What are the complications of Conjunctivitis Eye Infection?
Pink eye can induce corneal irritation that can impair vision in both children and adults. The risk of problems might be decreased by your healthcare practitioner evaluating and treating you right away. In the event that you have:
- Eye discomfort.
- A sensation that something is impinging on your vision.
- Vision that is hazy.
- Sensitivity to light.