Volhynia Massacre Wiki, Movie, Torture
Volhynia Massacre Wiki, Movie, Torture -: The Volhynia Massacre was a series of mass killings of Poles by Ukrainian nationalists in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia, then part of Poland, during World War II. The massacres were carried out by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), a nationalist militia that was fighting for an independent Ukraine.
The violence began in 1943 and reached its peak in July and August of that year. During this time, the UPA killed an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 Poles, including women, children, and the elderly. The victims were often tortured and mutilated before they were killed.
The massacres were a major turning point in Polish-Ukrainian relations. They led to a wave of Polish reprisals, and the two communities have been divided ever since. The Volhynia Massacre is still a source of tension between Poland and Ukraine today.
Here are some of the key events that took place during the Volhynia Massacre:
- July 11, 1943: The UPA carries out a series of attacks on Polish villages in Volhynia, killing an estimated 8,000 people. This day is known as “Bloody Sunday” in Poland.
- August 1943: The UPA issues an order for the “general physical liquidation of the entire Polish population” in Volhynia.
- September 1943: The Polish underground forms the 27th AK Infantry Division to defend against the UPA attacks.
- 1944: The Red Army arrives in Volhynia and the massacres end.
The Volhynia Massacre is a complex and tragic event in Polish and Ukrainian history. It is a reminder of the dangers of ethnic violence and the importance of remembering the past.
Volhynia Massacre Movie
The Volhynia Massacre was the subject of a 2016 Polish war drama film titled Volhynia (also known as Hatred in English). The film was directed by Wojciech Smarzowski and is based on the collection of short stories titled Hate (Polish: Nienawiść) by Stanisław Stokowski.
The film tells the story of a young Polish girl, Zosia Głowacka, from Volhynia a village settled by Ukrainians, Poles, and Jews. The story begins shortly before the outbreak of World War II in 1939 with the marriage of Zosia’s sister to a Ukrainian. During the wedding, Zosia’s father decides that she has to marry an older village administrator and a widower, Maciej Skiba, despite her being deeply in love with a young, local Ukrainian boy, Petro. The local Ukrainian population shows a lot of resentment towards Polish officials, as they favor the Polish minority in Volhynia.
As the war progresses, the violence between Poles and Ukrainians escalates. Zosia and her family are forced to flee their village after it is attacked by the UPA. They witness the brutal killings of their neighbors and friends, and Zosia is eventually separated from her family. She is forced to survive on her own, and she witnesses even more atrocities as she travels through Volhynia.
The film is a powerful and disturbing depiction of the Volhynia Massacre. It is a reminder of the horrors of ethnic violence and the importance of remembering the past.
The film was a critical and commercial success in Poland. It was nominated for the Golden Lions Award at the 41st Gdynia Film Festival, where it received three awards: for the cinematography, best debut, and best makeup. The film was also a box office hit, grossing over $6 million worldwide.
The film was controversial in Ukraine, where some critics accused it of being anti-Ukrainian. However, the film was also praised by some Ukrainian critics for its historical accuracy.
The Volhynia Massacre is a complex and tragic event in Polish and Ukrainian history. It is a reminder of the dangers of ethnic violence and the importance of remembering the past. The film Volhynia is a powerful and disturbing depiction of this event, and it is a film that is sure to stay with you long after you have seen it.
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